Types of Dentures

Dentures are generally classified as partial, full or implant supported. Partial dentures are designed to replace a small section of teeth, and help prevent existing healthy natural teeth from shifting position. Full dentures generally replace an entire set of teeth such as upper and lower dentures. Implant supported dentures have dental implants that support and stabilize the overlying partial or full denture. Often these types of implant supported dentures are preferred because it gives the patient the retention they are wanting when eating.

Many candidates for conventional dentures (also called “immediate” dentures) are able to wear the appliances immediately following the removal of affected natural teeth. Partial dentures, also sometimes called “over dentures,” are designed to fit over a small section of implants or natural teeth. Partial dentures are characteristic by their pinkish gum-like plastic bases, on to which replacement teeth are attached. Small clasps are used to attach the denture to existing teeth. Some clasps, which can be more expensive, are made of natural-looking material that is hard-to-detect and in some cases; a crown will be installed on an existing healthy tooth to facilitate a better hold for the clasp. Often when dental implants are used to support the partial denture, the metal clasps are not necessary.

There are many benefits, which the dentist elaborates on, when dental implants are utilized to support overlying full or partial dentures. They allow for a more natural feel and maximum retention when used. Often when patients go from having a traditional denture or partial to an implant supported overdenture, the first thing out of their mouths is, “Why did I not do this sooner!”

Permanent dentures

Dentures that slip, slide, and pop out can be a thing of the past with permanent type dentures. Permanent dentures are right on the cutting edge of denture technology. Old style dentures used to rely solely on suction and/or clips to help keep them in place, but that was an imperfect system. Learning to chew with new dentures can be a little intimidating at first, but try it while your teeth are floating around in your mouth and the degree of difficulty shoots right up the scale. Permanent dentures are a terrific alternative. Let's get an overview of the process and types of permanent dentures available.

To begin, the dentist will help you select the type of denture you need based upon your individual situation. One tooth (flipper), several teeth (partial denture), or a full set of teeth (dentures) may be in order. Then the custom fitting process begins. Fitting your dentures is a multi-stage process that will require several visits. At the first visit, the dentist will do a thorough examination of your mouth and make sure that your gum tissue and ridges are in the proper shape to support the dentures.  the dentist will then take an impression of your upper and lower jaws. This impression will be used to make a wax bite registration , that Dentures teeth can be set to get a working model for the final denture to be constructed from. Once the final denture is made and given your approval you are ready for permanent process.

Permanent dentures can be mounted in different ways. A partial denture ridge can be permanently mounted by bonding it to the abutment teeth which have been built up with crowns for added stability. This can be quite adequate to hold a partial denture in place, but there is another method that is even more secure because it doesn't depend on the natural teeth not decaying. This style is called the implant method.

Implant dentures are suitable no matter how many teeth you need, the mounting method varies only slightly. The basic process involves surgically implanting titanium rods directly into the bone tissue of your gums. The rods will be positioned according to the shape and location of your new denture, either pointing up or down from the appropriate jaw, or facing outward for frontal bridges. When your gums have completely healed, the new dentures can be permanently cemented to the exposed posts. The result is dentures that look wonderful and feel so natural that no one will suspect you're wearing them. Consult your denturist to see if permanent dentures are the right choice for you.

Cosmetic dentures

Cosmetic dentures are a world away from old fashioned false teeth. When most people think of dentures, they think of their grandparent's teeth floating in a jar because they were too uncomfortable to be worn full time. Not so for today's dentures. Advancements in denture technology have brought us beautiful, durable dentures that look and feel great!

Cosmetic dentures can really give a boost to your facial appearance. By increasing the distance between your upper and lower jaw, facial muscles are given a "lift" which can minimize wrinkles around the mouth area.

And that's not all. Computer imaging technology gives you the chance to go "shopping" for your new dentures. It's like trying on fabulous clothes at the mall before you buy. Start by looking at an array of pink denture bases in shades and styles that can be combined to perfectly match your natural gums. Then move on to the real fun, picking out teeth. Now is your chance to change your style if you like. Want teeth that are a little whiter, a little larger or longer? You can have them in your new denture! You can even pick the shape or style that you've always wanted. You have the power to design custom dentures with your dream smile. But don't forget, if you were happy with your old smile, cosmetic dentures can be made to match that too.

Cosmetic dentures also provide optimum comfort. George Washington could only wish he'd had it so good. Cosmetic dentures make use of all the latest manufacturing techniques. Previously, denture bases were manufactured with a heat curing process that would slightly distort the base from the original bite molds they were meant to duplicate. Injection molded acrylic bases eliminate this shrinkage and warping. The result? Denture bases that perfectly match your gums for the best possible fit, which means the best possible comfort for you.

The best possible fit means the most stability. Cosmetic dentures can also utilize implant technology. Titanium rods can be surgically implanted into the bony ridge of the jaw, and the new denture can be mounted directly on each post. The process is good for one tooth, a partial denture bridge, or a complete set of dentures. No more embarrassing slipping around when you eat or speak. Cosmetic dentures can feel so secure and comfortable you'll forget they aren't your natural teeth!

With new cosmetic dentures, the battle between looking good and feeling good is over, and you have been declared the winner!

Implant supported dentures

Are implant supported dentures more beneficial than standard dentures? That's a question many denture wearers have been asking themselves. Your answers to the following simple questions may help you decide.

check mark green   Do your dentures slip when you speak?
check mark green   Does food get under your dentures when you eat?
check mark green   Do your old dentures seem to be losing their grip?
check mark green   Are you just plain tired of dealing with sore gums?

If you found yourself answering yes more than once, you owe it to yourself to find out a little more about implant supported dentures.

What exactly do we mean when we say "denture implants"? The term implant refers directly to a surgical procedure that is performed under anesthetic. One or more small titanium rods are literally screwed into the bone of the dental ridge under your gums, and the tops of the rods are left exposed above the gum line. The implants are then given time to heal, usually at least two months. If all looks good, then you are ready for mounting.

The number of implants depends on exactly what type of denture you are mounting to them. A full denture plate can be mounted with just a few strategically placed rods, and much the same for a partial. Single teeth can also be cemented to individual posts.

Dentures that have been permanently implanted have a few advantages. Number one is stability. Since implanted dentures are anchored to the jaw with titanium screws, you never have to worry about them moving around. No more shifting while you speak or chew. Dentures rubbing your gums and leaving tender spots are a thing of the past. Implant supported dentures stay put.

A common problem most standard denture wearers will eventually face is bone resorption. Once natural teeth have been removed there is no longer any pressure stimulation to the bony ridge beneath the gums. Bone production now slows to a halt and the bone begins to deteriorate, resulting in a shrunken appearance. It is this shrinkage that causes once perfectly fitted dentures to begin slipping. Even with adjustments or total replacement dentures, bone resorption will continue throughout the denture wearers life time, eventually making it impossible to wear conventional dentures.

This is where implant supported dentures shine their brightest (no pun intended). The pressure stimulation provided by the implanted titanium rods means little to none of the bone shrinkage that usually spoils the fit of standard dentures within a couple of years. Titanium is actually the best material for implants as it has been found more compatible with the bone tissue, which actually attaches to the rods as it grows. The result? Stable dentures and no more sore spots!

If any of this sounds to you like an improvement over standard dentures, then implant supported dentures may be the right choice for you. Be sure to consult with your denture professional.

Soft dentures

Get ready for the most comfortable dentures you are ever going to wear, the soft denture. Soft dentures are on their way to becoming the gold standard in denture technology. Completely flexible, yet with a grip so firm you can bite an apple, soft dentures finally offer what denture wearers have always dreamed of; a denture that doesn't hurt or slip. Soft dentures are completely made of a flexible resin, differing slightly from their close cousin, the flexible denture which consists of a flexible resin overlay on an acrylic denture base.

Let's take a look at why soft dentures fit so snugly. Our jaw ridges tend to be wider near where the teeth meet the gums and tend to curve slightly inward just above and below our natural teeth. This curve inward is referred to as the undercut. When being inserted, a soft denture has the ability to give a little as it passes over the widest point of the gum, but then flexes back inward to conform to the undercut. That's how such a soft denture can provide a great grip without any clips. And perhaps the best part, curving into the undercut keeps food from getting up under the denture. You can go out to dinner and not worry about having to remove your dentures and rinse them in a public restroom.

Soft dentures may wear out a little sooner than flexible resin over acrylic denture types, but they are still far more durable than standard acrylic denture bases. And while soft dentures are still capable of being relined, you may not need any adjustments at all. The small amount of give in the resin material allows a soft denture to rest against your gums more completely, eliminating those agonizing sore spots caused by pressure points on acrylic dentures. It may interest you to know that the flexible resin used in soft dentures is hypo-allergenic. That's good news for those who are allergic to acrylic and thought they could never wear a denture.

In addition to comfort and fit, soft dentures also look really great. The base has a soft pink transparent tone that allows some of your natural gum color to show through, and no unsightly clips to give away the fact that you're wearing a denture.

So, if you'd almost given up hope of ever finding a truly comfortable denture that is so secure you could grind nuts with it, the soft denture may be just the ticket.

Flexible dentures

Wait no longer, flexible dentures are here! Whether it's your first time choosing a denture, or if you are just plain tired of your old painful dentures rubbing against your gums, flexible dentures simply have one of the highest comfort levels of any dentures available. How long has it been since you've sat down at the ball game with a bag of nuts? Probably too long if you're wearing conventional dentures.

What's the secret? It's the flexible resin coating on the outer layer of the denture base. This flexibility allows the denture to lock in around the undercut of the jaw bone for superior stability. Flexible dentures are so light and thin you'll hardly feel like you're wearing them.

Flexible dentures are cosmetically pleasing too. The denture base has a transparent pink shading which allows your natural gum color to show through for an absolutely great blend. And you can still choose the style and shade of teeth you'd like to go with them.

And the benefits don't stop there. The flexible resin material is non-porous, so it won't support the growth of bacteria. That means no more denture breath! But even though it's non-porous, the denture will still retain a slight amount of moisture to keep it comfortable against your gums.

Now let's talk about durability. Flexible denture bases are basically unbreakable, unlike standard acrylic bases that can crack if you drop them in the sink during cleaning. No such worries with flexible resin dentures. And even though flexible resin denture bases are more expensive than their close cousins, the soft denture, they make up for it by lasting far longer.

Want more good news? Let's talk fitting. Standard acrylic denture bases require multiple stages to fit and manufacture. Once the wax bite try-in is refined for a perfect fit, it's sent back to the lab where the traditional heat curing of the acrylic base often shrinks the final product, leading to the need for further adjustment to the denture base. With flexible resin dentures, the try-in used during the trial fitting can actually be used in the final denture, shortening the entire process, so you get your dentures faster.

Flexible dentures may just be the denture the world has been waiting for, so what are you waiting for? The sooner you have your new dentures, the sooner you have the freedom to eat what you really want. Go ahead... bite into that juicy red apple. With flexible dentures, you can!

Dentures designed for demanding patients

Patients are demanding when it comes to dentures. They want stable dentures that look and feel natural. Using the most advanced denture techniques, our laboratory combines aesthetics, phonetics, and functional characteristics with great success.

The Tri-Denture Technique offers an effective system for fabricating highly accurate, stable, and aesthetic dentures in just three appointments. The system is simple yet precise and results in improved fit and stability for the patient and an average of 50% reduction in office visit for the patient. The technique offers superior aesthetics, taking into consideration the patient's age, gender and personality traits.

The Myo-flex Denture System insures stability and comfort for lower dentures. A positional memory hinge and expected flange are incorporated into the denture base, maintaining the stability of the denture.

Our proprietary E-dent Denture Technique bridges the gap between conventional dentures and implants. The totally bone-supported E-dent does not extend into soft tissue areas or interfere with any muscle activity. There are several new injection processing systems that result in highly priced, better fitting dentures. They can be used with conventional dentures as well as the above mentioned system.